On April 21-23, 2020, PLN Corporate University hosted an on-line training of trainers (ToT) organized by USAID Indonesia Clean Energy Development II (ICED II) focused on evaluating proposed hydropower power projects. A total of 19 participants from various PLN offices participated in the virtual training.
The training provided useful reference documents and hands-on tools to use when reviewing and evaluating hydropower projects’ feasibility study. In addition, the training also ensures transfer of ICED II and PLN knowledge as PLN trainers co-delivered the sessions.
USAID ICED II developed guidelines designed to assist staff of PLN in reviewing feasibility studies of various renewable energy power project types as proposed by independent power producers. To roll out the guidelines and to promote adoption of the guidelines by PLN staff, USAID ICED II and PLN Corporate University are holding a series of ToT workshops. The first training in the series was held on February 24-25, 2020 with a focus on evaluating bioenergy power projects.
OJK requested USAID ICED II to produce a financing handbook for solar PV projects for use by banks and non-bank financial institutions. Due to USAID ICED II project timeline of ending in September 2020, USAID ICED II will provide the handbook material to OJK. OJK will handle consultation meetings and follow-up activities, which include the approval process from the Commissioner Board of OJK, to finalize handbook to publication. USAID ICED II will present financing mechanisms in the solar PV handbook as well as alternative business models for solar PV projects allowed under current laws and regulations. In preparing this handbook, USAID ICED II has engaged UMBRA Strategic Legal Consulting and LPEM FEB UI, a university-based research body.
In an on-line kick-off meeting USAID ICED II, UMBRA and LPEM UIagreed that UMBRA would provide analysis on existing/available financing structures for solar PV projects in Indonesia, both for on-grid and off-grid power plants developed by the private sector. The analysis will cover financing structure in capital markets such as bond, initial public offering (IPO), and mutual funds.
LPEM FEB UI will conduct an in-depth structured interviews with banks and solar PV project developers. UMBRA will share slides of graphics on available financing structure to USAID ICED II and LPEM FEB UI, while LPEM FEB UI finalizes the questionnaire for interview.
The next virtual meeting is scheduled for another two weeks. In between, LPEM FEB UI and UMBRA will have a virtual meeting to discuss progress of both parties regarding solar PV project.
USAID ICED II is working with Directorate General of Electricity (DJK) and Directorate General of New, Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation (DG EBTKE) of Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (MEMR) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Market Transformation through Design and Implementation of Appropriate Mitigation Actions in Energy Sector (MTRE3) in developing guidelines for greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation in power sector. Initially, the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF) requested all technical ministries to submit their GHG mitigation methodologies by late April 2020. However, the deadline was extended due to Covid-19 pandemic until further notice. MEMR DJK is committed to make progress on the guidelines and methodologies amid the pandemic situation that forced people to work from home.
On April 9, 2020, USAID ICED II hosted a virtual meeting with 20 people from MEMR DJK, MEMR DG EBTKE, and UNDP MTRE3 to discuss the draft guidelines developed by USAID ICED II and UNDP MTRE3, particularly on the GHG mitigation classification. MEMR DJK was still indecisive on which GHG mitigation classification to use since there are two classifications issued by MoEF, each from different directorates (GHG mitigation classification according to nationally determined contributions (NDC) versus measurement, reporting, verification (MRV).
The meeting also agreed to do virtual weekly meetings to discuss the proposed methodologies. As of now, four out of 16 methodologies have been reviewed and approved by MEMR DJK and MEMR DG EBTKE. Regular virtual meetings will help accelerate the review, given the situation the pending ICED II closure later this year.
In the attempt of improving energy efficiency in transportation sector as well as to reduce greenhouse gas emission, USAID ICED II collaborated with Ministry Energy and Mineral Resources (MEMR) Directorate General of Electricity (DJK), Directorate of Electricity Business Development in carrying out the study of viable BEV business scheme based on presidential regulation number 55/2019 for Indonesia on March 12, 2020 in Jakarta. A total of 80 participants from staff of MEMR, State-owned electricity (PLN), also private conventional and online transportation sectors such as Blue Bird, Gojek, Grab, Transjakarta and others attended this workshop.
MEMR DJK looked forward to use suggestions from related stakeholders in drafting the ministry’s regulation on BEV. Wanhar, the Director of Electricity Engineering and Environment appreciated USAID ICED II for facilitating the workshop as it is part of MEMR DJK’s activities as the regulator in the electricity sector.
Based on this workshop discussion, ICED II will develop a study using international experiences and will also cover options like public charging station provider, renter, BEV credit and other models. The study will focus on ease and profitability for countries and communities in adopting BEV business schemes.
Small hydropower project sites largely used theodolite or total station as tools in topography mapping. On March 11, 2020 in Jakarta, USAID Indonesia Clean Energy Development II (ICED II) introduced to its related stakeholders the use of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) or drone as a lower cost, faster and more accurate method of preparing topographic map that is necessary for designing run-of-river hydropower projects. There were 80 participants from developers, consultants, contractors, government institution and State Electricity Company (PLN). The seminar discussed about practical application of using drone for topography mapping at three hydropower projects in South Sulawesi, West Java and North Sumatra with 5 MW installed capacity, comparing use of drone against conventional method and reviewing the technology for cameras such as red green blue camera and light detection and ranging (LIDAR). Senda Hurmuzan Kanam, Head of Sub-Directorate of Electricity Cooperation, Directorate General of Electricity, Energy and Mineral Resources stated on the closing ceremony that this seminar brought valuable information about technology that could help the government increasing the use of renewable energy especially hydro.
USAID Indonesia Clean Energy Development II (USAID ICED II) and Indonesia’s Financial Services Authority (OJK) conducted Environmental and Social Risk Analysis (ESRA) training on March 3-6, 2020 in Bandung. Financing of mini hydro power projects was the main topic of this training. Participating in the training were 39 people from OJK, National Planning Agency (Bappenas) and financial institutions such as HSBC, Bank Mandiri, BRI, Bukopin Bank and many more. At the end of the training, the participants visited Bengkok Mini hydro Power Plants (PLTM) in Bandung to have first-hand understanding of how a mini hydro power plant works. ESRA training series is part of USAID ICED II support to OJK in implementing Indonesia’s Sustainable Finance Road Map 2019-2023 by improving the capacity of financial institutions. The most important feature of the training is helping banks assess and manage risks associated with environmental protection and technical aspects.
USAID Indonesia Clean Energy Development II (ICED II) has developed guidelines designed to assist staff of State Electricity Company (PLN) to review feasibility studies of bioenergy (biogas, biomass and waste-to-energy) power projects from independent power producers. To roll out the guidelines and to promote adoption of the guidelines by PLN staff, USAID ICED II held a series of training. In order to ensure knowledge adoption within PLN, ICED II conducted series of training of trainers to train future trainers among PLN’s staff. The first training covered biomass power project feasibility study evaluation took place in Jakarta on February 24-25, 2020. A total of 20 staff from PLN regional offices took part in the training. The training provided useful reference documents and hands-on experience to use when reviewing and evaluating biomass project feasibility study. After completing this training, the participants are expected to obtain sufficient knowledge on biomass power project technology, understand the business process of renewable energy procurement in Indonesia and able to apply the guideline in reviewing and evaluating future biomass unsolicited proposals from independent power producer (IPP) developers.
USAID through Indonesia Clean Energy Development II (ICED II) held a three-day training in Makassar from January 29-31, 2020 on rural electrification planning for unserved areas. A total of 55 staff of the Energy and Mineral Resources (EMR) Office of South Sulawesi and the State Electricity Company (PLN) Regional Office of South, Southeast and West Sulawesi (Sulselrabar).
The training covered verification and synchronization of data collection compiled during a previous training for a sustainable electricity access program. During the second training, the participants learned about the use of Geographcial Inforamtion Systems (GIS), geospatial data, methodology and background in developing the 20kV electricity distribution network data layers. The data layers are very useful for PLN Regional Office of South Sulawesi in preparing their regional electricity development planning. USAID ICED II will facilitate PLN and EMR South Sulawesi needs in order to achieve an agreement on electrification planning in South Sulawesi Province. The previous training that was held on November 26-27, 2019 in Makassar and focused on the alignment of electricity access data and basic skills to generate geospatial maps of these data using open-access geospatial software.
In support to Aceh provincial government commitment on installing solar photovoltaic (PV) on government buildings, USAID, through Indonesia Clean Energy Development II (ICED II) provided trainings to local stakeholders and local expertsThe training took place on January 28, 2020 with 48 participants from Energy and Mineral Resources (EMR) Office of Aceh, State Electricity Company (PLN), Provincial Development Planning Agency (Bappeda) and other stakeholders. ICED II also facilitated the participation of staff of Directorate General of New Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation of the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (DG EBTKE MEMR) and head of Rooftop Solar PV Users Association (PPLSA) as resource persons. The training focused on on the planning process, project feasibility study, implementation and monitoring of rooftop solar PV systems. Following the event, the Aceh’s provincial government expects to move forward with their budgeting and procurement of rooftop solar PV on government buildings. ICED II organized an earlier training on October 29-30, 2019 that served as an introduction to rooftop solar PV technology and systems.
USAID Indonesia Clean Energy Development II (USAID ICED II) and Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) are providing technical support to Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources Directorate General of Electricity (MEMR DJK) on developing assesment of cap emission and benchmarking performance & GHG emission. USAID ICED II and GGGI held a series of focus group discussion. On January 21, 2020, the second group discussion took place, where a total of 94 participants from various directorates in MEMR, Coordinating Ministry of Economic Affairs (CMEA), Ministry of National Development Planning/Bappenas, Ministry of Environment and Forestry, PT PLN (Persero) Group, Independent Power Producer (IPPs). and technical experts attended the discussion. The second FGD aimed to present the draft report and tools for benchmarking performance, energy efficiency improvement scenarios, risk assessments and roadmap and GHG emission in power generation sector. There will be last stakeholder consultation meeting in February 2020.